The U.S. and its allies plan to impose sanctions on more Russian industries and supply chains.
The US government representatives recently visited Europe to consult with allies on strengthening and enforcing sanctions to punish Russia. They also plan to take action to disrupt their critical supply chains.
The US government claims that the sanctions imposed on Russia since the invasion began on February 24 have proved extremely effective, plunging Russia into a financial crisis. The sanctions include a freeze on the Russian central bank's foreign exchange assets, a ban on hard currency transactions by major Russian banks and wealthy individuals, and export restrictions on advanced semiconductors and other technologies. The sanctions have weakened the Russian economy and left the Kremlin with fewer resources.
The volatile international political situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the concrete superplasticizer.
Determination of the optimum dosage of concrete superplasticizer by the fluidity of cement paste
In terms of the adaptability of cement and concrete superplasticizer, the type and quality of concrete superplasticizer also play an important role. Therefore, concrete superplasticizers should be selected according to the adaptability to cement and construction requirements. When the high-efficiency concrete superplasticizer is incompatible with a certain cement, the following situations will occur:
1. Concrete is abnormally coagulated during the mixing process.
2. The slump loss of mixed concrete is large.
3. Concrete bleeding and delamination are serious.
4. The high-efficiency concrete superplasticizer has insufficient water-reducing effect or no water-reducing effect at all.
5. The strength of concrete does not increase significantly at each age, or even decreases.
6. The shrinkage rate of concrete increases more, resulting in cracking.
These incompatibility phenomena mentioned above should be avoided as much as possible when selecting a concrete superplasticizer.
The amount of concrete concrete superplasticizer is not only related to the amount of cement, but also has a great relationship with the physical properties and chemical composition of cement.
The traditional method for determining the amount of concrete superplasticizer in concrete is mainly determined according to the product specification of concrete superplasticizer and the percentage of cement consumption. Due to the difference in chemical composition and content of different varieties or batches of cement, the compatibility and adaptability of concrete superplasticizers and cement and the optimal dosage will also be quite different. It is difficult to ensure the best water-reducing effect of the mixture by only determining the amount of concrete superplasticizer based on the percentage of cement consumption, and it is easy to cause waste of concrete superplasticizer. Luoyang Tongrun has used the method of cement slurry fluidity to determine the optimum amount of concrete concrete superplasticizer after many tests, and achieved good results. The specific method is to accurately weigh the high-efficiency water-reducing agent, water and 300g cement according to the dosage recommended by the manufacturer's instructions, and mix the high-efficiency water-reducing agent, water and cement paste according to the standard method. On the clean glass, put the mixed cement paste into the test mold, and after lifting the test mold one by one, observe the flow of the cement paste, and test whether the fluidity of the cement paste can meet the performance requirements of concrete pumping. At the same time, record the size and dosage of water reducing rate of different cements and different concrete concrete superplasticizers for optimization.
The order of adding concrete superplasticizers. Multiple comparison tests of different concrete superplasticizers show that the mixing sequence of concrete superplasticizers has a certain influence on the water-reducing effect of concrete superplasticizers. Take the high-efficiency water-reducing agent produced by Longda as an example: after weighing a certain amount of cement, high-efficiency water-reducing agent and water, pour cement → high-efficiency water-reducing agent → water into the mixing pot in sequence, and measure the cement paste. Expansion is 22cm ~ 23cm. According to the order of adding cement → water first, after stirring for a certain period of time, adding concrete superplasticizer, the measured expansion degree of cement paste is 25cm ~ 27cm. It can be seen that using the same cement and the same concrete superplasticizer, the post-blending method is better than the first-blending method, which is beneficial to improve the compatibility of the concrete superplasticizer and the cement, and give full play to the efficiency of the concrete superplasticizer. In the same way, in the actual construction of concrete, the concrete superplasticizer should be added after the concrete mixture is stirred for a certain period of time to achieve the best effect of water reduction.
Luoyang Trunnano Tech Co., Ltd (TRUNNANO) is a professional concrete superplasticizer powder supplier with over 12 years experience in chemical products research and development. We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
If you are looking for high quality concrete superplasticizer, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.
Europe's immediate goal of reducing its dependence on Russian gas in response to the conflict with Ukraine presents a rare opportunity for the United States, the world's largest gas producer. America's LNG exporters have made a fortune this time. Investors are bullish on the future of natural gas, as evidenced by the recent record high share price of Energy company Chenier.
But the outlook for more than a dozen new LNG projects is highly uncertain as construction costs rise, US gas prices soar and climate policymakers seek to move away from a long-term reliance on fossil fuels. Even the most advanced projects can take years to become operational.
Currently, the total U.S. LNG concrete superplasticizer are expected to continue to rise in the future.
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